The Road to Group I - References

1. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Solar and ultraviolet radiation. Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. No. 55. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1992.

2. Rünger TM, Kappes UP. Mechanisms of mutation formation with long-wave ultraviolet light (UVA). Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine 2008; 24:2–10.

3. Ridley AJ, Whiteside JR, McMillan TJ, et al. Cellular and sub-cellular responses to UVA in relation to carcinogenesis. Int J Radiat Biol 2009; 85:177-195.

4. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Exposure to artificial UV radiation and skin cancer. IARC Working Group Reports No 1. IARC, Lyon; 2006 (freely available at

5. Gandini S, Sera F, Cattaruzza MS, et al. Meta-analysis of risk factors for cutaneous melanoma: II. Sun exposure. Eur J Cancer 2005; 41:45–60.

6. International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group on artificial ultraviolet (UV) light and skin cancer. The association of use of sunbeds with cutaneous malignant melanoma and other skin cancers: a systematic review. Int J Cancer 2007; 120(5):1116-1122. Erratum in: Int J Cancer 2007; 120(11):2526.

7. Autier P, Boyle P. Artificial ultraviolet sources and skin cancers: rationale for restricting access to sunbed use before 18 years of age. Nat Clin Pract Oncol 2008; 5(4):178-179.

8. Vajdic CM, Kricker A, Giblin M, et al. Artificial ultraviolet radiation and ocular melanoma in Australia. Int J Cancer 2004; 112:896-900. PM:15386378.

9. El Ghissassi F, Bann R, Starif K, et al. A review of human carcinogens — Part D: radiation. Lancet Oncol 2009; 10(8):751-752.

10. Boniol M, Autier P, Doré JF. Re: A prospective study of pigmentation, sun exposure, and risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma in women. J Natl Cancer Inst 2004; 96(4):335-336.

11. Dal H, Boldemann C, Lindelöf B. Does relative melanoma distribution by body site 1960-2004 reflect changes in intermittent exposure and intentional tanning in the Swedish population? Eur J Dermatol 2007; 17(5):428-434.

12. Héry C, Tryggvadóttir L, Sigurdsson T. A melanoma epidemic in Iceland: possible influence of sunbed use. Am J Epidemiology (2010, in press).